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Railway Accounts for Effective Regulation

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For at least the last 15 years, the railways of the member countries of the ECMT
have been facing a deepening process of reform driven by the European
Commission, national governments and the changing forces of the transport market.
Railways at the beginning of the reform process were monolithic, focused on running
trains, insensitive to customer needs, and isolated behind their national fortress
boundaries. Railways of today are slowly becoming something quite different: this
paper discusses what that “something” is, and what the necessary data and related
regulatory actions will need to be to ensure that the process of reform continues successfully.

Lack of co-ordination between local authorities and public
transport operators has been in many cities one of the key barriers
to improving accessibility in public transport. For this reason, the
European Conference of Ministers of Transport (ECMT) and the
International Association of Public Transport (UITP) created a joint
task force in 2002 to explore ways to improve the dialogue and
cooperation among public transport service providers and local
authorities in particular.
This report, the fruit of that joint effort, demonstrates in a
practical way the commitment of UITP to encouraging improved
accessibility among its members. This commitment is set out in
UITP’s recent position paper on accessibility adopted in 2001.