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City Design for Innovative Mobility: Infrastructure and Pricing Implications

Ride services only represent a small fraction of overall trips in many urban areas but they represent the vanguard of what many have noted will be a defining trend in urban mobility this century – the rise of shared use mobility. The CPB has undertaken a stream of work characterising the impacts of several types of shared ride services and identified policy issues relating to the potential uptake and scaling up of these. Many companies – including several CPB members – are already designing and deploying innovative ride services, including some that may be highly or fully automated.

If cities allow greater and greater shared ride services, the value of parking cars on streets in dedicated parking may decrease in time as shared vehicles remain in use for longer and longer. In these cases, dynamic access to the kerb becomes more important overall than static storage of vehicles at the kerb. Already, some cities with large numbers of ride service trips are experiencing an increase in micro-congestion and decreased safety caused by loading and unloading traffic lanes. Moving to a different street and kerb-space allocation model will also have implications regarding traffic management – parking pricing is an effective traffic demand strategy as well as an important source of revenue for cities. With the rise of the shared use city comes a need to develop and implement new demand management and revenue models to ensure public policy goals are met in a fast-changing commercial environment.

This workshop and modeling exercise will investigate the micro- and meso-level traffic impacts of re-configuring streets – and kerb-access regimes in particular – in a shared use city. Several use-cases will be identified, investigated and modeled – e.g. like replacing some block-level parking with loading/off loading zones for ride services and public transport – possibly with dynamic slot reservations for goods delivery. The project will also look at revenue implications from these changes and discuss new models for revenue generation and traffic management in a parking-lite shared-use city.